(My great great great grandmother)

1808: Born 31 December, probably at Grand Ecore, LA. (Her daughter, Ann Cloud Brewton’s death certificate lists her mother’s birth place as Oklahoma, but for the US Census of Natchitoches Parish, 1880, Delilah gives her age as 73, and says she was born in LA, her father in VA, and her mother in Arkansas.)

Records from her later life indicate that her parents were Ebenezer Folsom and Mary (Marie Magdeleine) Leard. (See data on Ebenezer below).

1830: Apparently Delitia had married James Campbell before this date. In Supplementary Articles to the Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty between Choctaw Indians and the US Government, dated September 28, 1830, these notations appear:

"And to each of the following persons there is allowed a reservation of a section and a half of land, (to wit)....(after several other listings): "James Campbell Husband of Delite Delilah Folsom, More than likely White"

Also, in a further Article in the same document: "And there is given a quarter section of land each to Delila and her five fatherless children, she being a Choctaw woman residing out of the nation..."

Another researcher notes: ...." this is not Delilah Juzan Brashears (her husband died in 1829), nor is it Delilah Brashears Trahern, who died about 1820. The names of the children on the land scrip are, Four daughters, Charity, Betsy, Susan and Sarah, and Joseph. A possible Delilah is  Delita Delilah Folsom, who married James Campbell. The Delilah mentioned in the supplement is rumored to have had an affair with John Donly, and these are his children. "

Later ARTICLE 4 notes: " John Donly of Alabama who has several Choctaw grand children, and who for twenty years has carried the mail through the Choctaw Nation, a desire by the Chiefs is expressed that he may have a section of land, it is accordingly granted, to be located in one entire section, on any unimproved and unoccupied land."

Perhaps Delilah, who would be aged 22 at this time, had had 4 daughters and a son with the white mail man in the Choctaw Nation, before marrying James Campbell.

Other later family records support data affirming that Delitia, "married a Campbell, by whom she had a daughter named Margaret (Peggy), who married Robert Nail. They had a son, Edward Nail, who married Rebecca Colbert, and had a child, Ella Nail, who married John Goldsby." (The GENEALOGY OF THE FOLSOM FAMILY book notes that this data was “given by Mrs. Conlan.”)

1831: In either case, Delitia was apparently living in Natchitoches Parish by March, 1831. A document affirming purchase of land by Delitia and William Cloud, dated April, 1843 (Page 818, and Vol 2, Page 134) has this note written on front: "Proclaimed 25th March 1831 to be offered on 2nd Monday of Nov following"

1833: The next confirmed record on Delitia is from 1833 when she was age 25, living with William Cloud and Rebecca Jane Roe, his wife. In an affidavit in 1835, she was described as "an orphan girl" living with her uncle and aunt, "I being without any other home." She said she was "cultivating a garden and truck patch" of "about a quarter of an acre." She also stated: "We both live in the same house, I being a single woman without father or mother or any other home live in the house with my uncle and aunt, but cultivate separately. I have a garden and truck patch which I cultivate by my self and for my own use, and each one has separate stacks? on the place."

1834: Delitia and William Cloud purchased a tract of land in Natchitoches Parish. She is listed as Delitia Cloud. William and Delitia Cloud paid $198.05 for 148 and 44/100 (?) acres of land in Section 28 of T12, R5, at 1.254/acre. (Recorded April 1, 1843, Case 818, 819, V 2P 134)

Apparently, title to this property was later contested, leading to depositions attempting to prove rightful ownership. On the cover of these records about joint ownership, this note appears: "tenants in common and not as joint tenants."

1835: November 20; Delitia appeared before Justice of Peace, Ouachita Parish, and gave these answers in regard to her right of redemption under act of Congress, 19, June, 1834:

a. Did you cultivate on the SE/4 of Sec 28, T12, R5W in 1833? Answer: Yes

b. How do you know....? Answer: I know it from the information received from uncle and have seen the land and corners.

c. What is the nature and extent of land improvement...? Answer: I have about a quarter of an acre, which I cultivated in said quarter as a garden and truck patch.

d. Were you living on the said property? Answer: Yes I lived in the house with my uncle and aunt, I being without any other home.

e. Did any other person cultivate on this property? Answer: Yes, my uncle William Cloud and no one else.

f. Are there any other persons who are entitled to the right of redemption? Answer: No none, except Wm. Cloud, my uncle.

g. Any improvements distinct from William Cloud? Answer: We both live in the same house, I being a single woman without father or mother or any other home lives in the house with my uncle and aunt, but cultivate separately. I have a garden and truck patch which I cultivate by my self and for my own use, and each one has separate stacks? On the place.

This affidavit signed with an X for Delitia Cloud ("her mark, not knowing how to write.")

Her testimony followed by that of Hiram Hagler:

a. Did Delitia Cloud cultivate.....? Answer: Yes

b. How do you know....? Answer: I know from having frequently seen her at work in her garden and from having examined the ...?

c. What is the nature and extent of Delitia Cloud improvement on this quarter? Answer: She had about a quarter of an acre which she cultivated as a garden and truck patch.

d. Was Delitia Cloud living on the said quarter? Answer: Yes

e. Is Delitia Cloud considered a permanent settler on this land? Answer: Yes she has no other house to my knowledge.

f. Did any other person cultivate with her? Answer: Yes, her uncle William Cloud and no one else.

g. Do you know of any other person who is entitled to the right of redemption? Answer: No one except William Cloud her uncle.

h. Are the improvements of Delitia Cloud and William Cloud separate...? Answer: They cultivate separately....she being a single woman and an orphan without any other home lives in the house with her uncle, and each has separate stocks from the other.

Signed by Hiram Hagler 20th, November, 1835

William Cloud also appeared for testimony:

a. Did you the year 1833? Answer: Yes

b. How do you know you cultivated....? Answer: I know it from having examined the lined corners.

c. What is the nature and extent of your improvements....? Answer: I have with Delitia Cloud my niece about twenty on which I have a dwelling house and other buildings that about the same in 1830? And 1834 in cultivation.

d. Were you living on the said quarter on the first day of January and 19th day of June 1834? Answer: Yes

e. Does any other person cultivate on the same quarter section with you? Answer: Yes my niece Delitia Cloud and no one else.

f. Are there any other persons who are entitled to right of prescription...? Answer: No none, except my niece Delitia Cloud.

g. Is there any improvement on said quarter from that of Delitia Cloud? Answer: We both live in the ... (missing on copy) an orphan girl and my (missing) any other home, but...she cultivated a garden which she cultivated is solely for her own use.

Signed with his X mark, William Cloud

Hiram Hagler is again questioned:

a. How do you know that William Cloud cultivated...? Answer: I know it from having seen him at work (missing)...he had a dwelling house about the same in 1833 and 1834

b. Is William Cloud considered a permanent settler on said land? Answer: Yes

c. Do you know of any other person entitled to rights....? Answer: No none except Delitia Cloud his niece.

d. Are the improvements of William Cloud and Delitia Cloud separate and distinct from each other? Answer: They cultivate separately. He cultivates in the field, and she cultivates a small garden and she being an orphan girl and without any other home lives in the house with her uncle, and each one has stocks separate from the other.

Signed in scribble: Hirrman Hagler


William and Noah Cloud were sons of John Cloud, who moved with his family to Louisiana before 1824. There are no Clouds recorded in Natchitoches Parish in the 1820 census.

Both sons were listed in EARLY LAND BUYERS IN WINN PARISH as among the "first land entries made in the eastern townships (Natchitoches District),"

At the time of this joint purchase in 1834, William would be aged 30, and Delitia 26. Perhaps William and his wife, Rebecca Jane Roe, had adopted Delitia and given her their own last name. At any rate, records confirm that he was farming and Delitia was gardening on this purchased property.

1837?Sometimes later, after her marriage and divorce (?) to Mr. Campbell in Arkansas, Delitia returned to Natchitoches Parish, LA.

1838?: Delitia (Delilah) Folsom Campbell married Noah Cloud, older brother of William, with whom she lived before, listed as an orphan and William's niece.

1838: October 22; William and Delitia Cloud gave Power of Attorney to Adison C. Hewitt, Ouachita Parish, "to locate for us and in our names to assertain? our rights which we own and are entitled..on which our flouts? are authorized to sell......unto any individuals and receive purchase money...." Signed William (his mark) Cloud and Delitia (her mark) Cloud

1839: May, 31; James Erwin, New Orleans, purchased E/2 of NW/4 and W/2 of SW/4, Sec. 24, T21, R15, containing 160 and 34/100 acres for $1.25/acre, $200.43, payment in full. "Said James Erwin shall be entitled to receive a Patent for the lot above described."

1839: May, 31; John Octavia Seviate?, of Caddo Parish, swore: "That the  E/2 OF NW/4 of W/2 of SW/4 of Sec 24, T 21, R15W is vacant unincumbered land and that there is not any cultivation, improvement, or occupancy thereon which is, or can be claimed by any person whom I ?"

1839: May, 31; William and Delitia Cloud purchased E/2 of NW1/4 of W/2 of SW 1/4 of Section 24, T21N, R15, containing 160 and 34/100 acres at $1.25/acre for $200.43, paid in full.

(Recorded in Land Office, # 819, Natchitoches Parish, December 13, 1845, "entitled to receive a Patent". Also the North Western Land Office recorded on this date that the original certificate was issued to James Erwin, and now corrected in names of William and Delitia Cloud under instructions from the General Land Office of the 22nd of October, 1841 and 25th, November, 1845. Recorded Vol 6, p 10 with note: "Tenants in common and not as joint tenants."

1839: May, 31: William and Delitia Cloud purchased SE of Sec 28, T12, R5, containing 158 and 44/100 acres, at $1.25/acre for $198.05, "paid in full." (Recorded 818; cover dated April 1, 1843, Vol 2, p134; note: "?ained, 25th March, 1831 to be offered on 2nd ? Of Nov. following...tenants in common and not as joint tenants."

1839: Mary. first daughter of Delitia and Noah Cloud, was born November 13.

1840? : Son, who died as a small child.

1842: Noah Jr., born January 28 (From whom I am descended)

1847: Nancy Ann; born 5 April; married Samuel George Brewton on June 21, 1866; died June 12, 1928.

1850: U.S. Census of Natchitoches Parish, LA, Family 319, lists: Noah, age 50 born in KY; Delila, age 42; Mary, 11; Noah, 7; and Nancy 4, all born in LA.

1860: U.S. Census of Natchitoches Parish, LA, Family #`149 lists Delilah along with husband Noah, and their 3 children: Mary, age 20; Noah, age 18, and Ann, age 11.

1880: U.S. Census of Natchitoches Parish lists "Delila, age 73 La. Va. Ark."

(Meaning that she was born in LA, her father in VA, and her mother in Ark.

1883: Delilah Folsom Campbell Cloud died at Cloud Crossing on Black Lake "in August or 1st part of Sept. Dr. Pitts daughter (father of Noah Jr.) attended her.  She died at Aunt Ann (Cloud) Brewton's.  I (Mollie Elkins, her oldest granddaughter--see letter of Manie, July 22, 1938) helped wash and dress her for burial.  Our mother (Mary Izora Smith Cloud) made a pretty bobinet lace trimmed cap for her to be buried in."

Mollie Cloud Elkins, a great granddaughter of John Cloud, wrote in 1950: “I am the oldest of our Father Noah Cloud’s (Noah, Jr.) children and I know of our ancestors on the Cloud side told to me by our grandmother, Delilah Fulsom Cloud, who was our father’s mother. She was born in 1808 and died the latter part of September, 1883. I was 16 years old then and remember well the things grandmother told me, beginning when I was a little girl and many times through the years up to the time of her passing away. She said she wanted me to know about our older Cloud people.”



Another version of Delilah’s history is told by her Cloud descendants of Louisiana. They say she was born at Grand Ecore, Louisiana.  Her granddaughter, Delilah Cloud (my grandmother) wrote this history around 1935:

“David Fulsom came from Holland married a Miss Darkus in Holland came up Red River from New Orleans to Grande Core and Delilah was born there Dec 31-1808. Two Indians told them of a trail that led to Hot Springs Ark., they went there and built the first house. And tried to get Deeds to the land but Government would not give deed so David  and wife died there. They had 5 Daughters 2 boys. Mahalah married Kepler. Lottie married Burell Busset. Delilah married a man near Hot Springs (in other Cloud family data he was said to be a Mr. Campbell). She was Divorced then married Noah Cloud Sr. Stephen died near Campti of Swamp fever. Eb married Jennie Lee and moved to Houston Tex. Lottie Busset had 5 children her daughter Lottie married a Dentist McCornie from Ala.” (The original letter in possession of Bruce Evans in 2006, donated to Hill Memorial Library, LSU, 2008)

In a letter from another of Delilah’s granddaughters, Mary Izora “Manie” Cloud Stothard, written in 1938, she gives her version: “The Folsoms...came from Holland. Greatgranpa Folsom died and his widow married a Davis. I don’t know if she had any Davis children. She had two sisters, Mrs. Hughs, Mrs. Basset. Mrs B died and Grandma Cloud raised her son Noah Bassett. One brother was a captain on a steamboat, he took sick fell overboard and was never found. Gma was born at Grand Ecore, La., so Mollie (her older sister) said.”  (Letter in possession of Bruce Evans in 2006, LSU Library in 2008)

Another Ancestor chart in the Natchitoches Genealogist, Oct, 1987, prepared by James P. Brewton, 14802 Northwood Drive, Magalia, CA 95954, dated 6 Sept 1987, lists Delilah Folsom as daughter of Ebenezer Folsom and Mary Leard. However, another chart by Mr. And Mrs. J.P. Brewton, 6121 Springer Way, San Jose, CA 95123, lists Delilah as daughter of Nathaniel and Ai-Ne-Chi-Hoyo.

Mr. Brewton supports his data with these notes: “I was told by a Historian of the Folsom Family that Nathanial Folsom never went to LA. Delilah Folsom was born in Grand Ecore on Dec 31, 1808 and Ebenezer Folsom was in that area about that time. A letter that was written by Peter Pitchlynn for E.B. Folsom ended with “I am your affectionate Brother-in-law and brother until death. E.B. Folsom...”

Mr. Brewton also notes that “Mary Lenora Cloud Elkins who knew Delilah and lived with her to take care of Delilah just before she died, listed her parents as Ebenezer and Mary Folsom. Aunt Molly was my fathers first cousin.” (But in none of the letters I have from Aunt Molly does she state this.) He also writes: “I have a letter from Aunt Mary Cloud Hines Taylor that her father Noah Cloud married Delilah Folsom the daughter of Ebenezer and Mary Folsom.” (See letter, 23 Feb 1999 from James P. Brewton, in E004)

He also quotes an affidavit: “Known to all men, by these presence that I have known Delilah Folsom Cloud ever since I was a little child and know her to be a sister of Ebb Folsom (My note: Eb, born in 1801, was the first son of Ebenezer and Mary Leard) and know her to be of the old original Folsom Family who came from Mississippi and was always recognized as being part Choctaw Indian by blood. I’ve often heard her boast of her Indian blood. I have known her to often visit us and would speak proudly of her Indian Blood and when she would go home our family would speak of Aunt Delilah being so glad she was part Indian. I furthermore know Mary Taylor, Noah Cloud and Ann Brewton are three and lawful heirs of Delilah Folsom Cloud. I am now 64 years of age.” Signed: Mary Lowrey Warner

In a letter from Mary Cloud Hines Taylor (first daughter of Delilah Folsom and Noah Cloud Sr) written Oct 29, 1911, from Goldonna LA to Mollie and Izora Cloud in California:

“...I went to se aunt malise Rushing i will tell you what she told me, She Said Eb Folsom and my mother was brother and sister and Ebineser Folsom was my grandfather and my grandmother married a Davis and my mother first husban name was mckindred, she says she has bin at Eb folsom a many a time he had, 5 or, 6 children had Isrel, nathanal, Sarah and she has forgotten the other names...”


– Why was Delitia described as an "orphan" living with her "uncle and aunt" and named as a Cloud in 1833, but who in later life acknowledged her parents as Ebenezer and Mary Folsom (as noted in above letters)?

– Why was William Cloud purchasing land with Delitia as co-owner,  "tenants in common and not as joint tenants," rather than with his wife Rebecca who is not mentioned in the records of sale? Even as late as May, 1839, after marriage to Noah Cloud, apparently in 1838, she and William continued to purchase land together.

Delitia and Noah Cloud's first daughter was born on November 13, 1839, seven months after this last purchase.


Perhaps these apparent discrepancies were simply related to William Cloud's legal efforts to get legitimate title to land he may have settled on in 1830, before Delitia came to live with his family. Maybe he was simply using her name (as my father often did with me and my siblings in his own land and mineral dealings several generations later).

Perhaps William thought that an apparently unrelated person, as testified to in the noted affidavits, would support his case with the government and newly established (1834) US LAND

Acts of Congress, more so than having his wife testify to their settling and farming there. If so, maybe Delitia agreed to being called an "orphan" who "needed a home" and was taken in by her uncle and aunt, so as to strengthen his claim.

This case obviously continued in the courts for several years, given dates on recorded papers as late as 1843, after Delitia and Noah Cloud were married and had 2, perhaps 3 children.

Or could there have been unacknowledged relationships behind evident transactions? Delitia was aged 27 living with William, aged 34 and his family. Was she actually thought to be an orphan? Or could this be a cover story? And was her brief "marriage" in Arkansas in 1837, including the birth of a child, possibly an affair?

And even though Delitia married Noah, the older brother of William, apparently in 1838, she and William were still purchasing land in Natchitoches Parish together in May, 1939. Her first daughter with Noah was born 7 months later in November 1839.

William Cloud married his second wife, Elizabeth Johnson, in 1837, and they later moved North to Bienville Parish, apparently soon after 1839. Were distance and separation from newly married Delitia and Noah, his brother, involved in the decision of the first Cloud to leave Natchitoches Parish?

(Or do I simply have a suspicious mind?)


"John Cloud, the Revolutionary soldier, his sons, William and Noah, and his wife's Lacy and Folsom relatives* and Edward A. Brackenridge are known to have come from Kentucky and settled in Ward Ten before 1820."

"Township 13 North, Range 5 West is in the extreme northwest corner of present Winn Parish. It is bounded on the west by Saline Bayou and on the north by Bienville Parish. The Township line dividing Townships 12 and 13 North, Range 5 West crosses Saline Bayou three miles upstream from Drake's Salt Works and about two miles from Cloud's Crossing."

(From Winn Parish As I Have Known It, by H.B. Bozeman, printed in the Winn Parish Enterprise, July 12, 1962)

*My italics, to call attention to this reference to William and Noah coming to Louisiana with "Folsom relatives." Since Delitia was born in 1808, and her father Ebenezer died in 1814, could she be among Folsom children coming with them "before 1820"?



1938, May 17, from Mollie Cloud (Delitia's granddaughter) in Sacramento, Calif. to Delilah Cloud Evans, Saline, La.

"...I'm writing the Genealogy of our branch of the Cloud Family. In the last few weeks I had a letter from a Mrs. Hicks, one of Aunt Jennie's great grand daughters....

"Sister don't you remember William Cloud was Pa's uncle. He died down on Saline near, or on the old Mary place. Delitia (we spell it Delithia) Delilah Cloud was our father's mother and a sister-in-law* to William Cloud, Noah Cloud Sr's brother. It seems Uncle Bill hadn't taken up all the land that he was allowed by law, and grandfather had his amount. So Uncle Bill wanted this tract and he (my idea) and grandmother entered it together (See 1838 deed listed above in SUMMARY DEED HISTORY).

(* My italics to note reference to Delitia's relationship with William as "sister-in-law." Was this reference to her later marriage to Noah, or could she have been married to one of their other brothers? Also, if Mollie is correct in her speculation about land purchases, it would possibly explain why they bought together. Maybe it was only related to clearing title to what William had earlier settled on, and perhaps a title with Delitia would be sounder than with his wife Rebecca.)

Her letter continues:

"William and Noah Cloud lived close together all their lives and their father, John Cloud, lived with them. About a year ago Ida Brewton (Ida Brewton was daughter of Nancy Ann Cloud, youngest daughter of Delitia and Noah Sr.) wrote Vionia to ask me if I knew of our grand people ever living west of Monroe. I answered yes. To make the story short: Talley Dickerson went to Monroe and looked up the records and found that John Dickerson, Tallie's father had entered land, also Noah Cloud (I'm not sure but I think it was 120 acres. William Cloud, 160 acres. None of it was ever sold....

".... You were named after our grandmother. Cousin Malissie Cloud Morgan Rushing named her first child Delithia Morgan Bates (cousin Lithia) after grandmother. Cousin L said you were named "Delithia" for her, but I heard mother say you were given grandmother's full name. Cousin Malissie stayed with grandmother when Aunt Mary was born (So Aunt Mary told me) and she was always very fond of grandmother and when her first baby was born, she got the name.....

"I must get to writing the genealogy of our Cloud people, Love to all, From Eva and me"

1938, July 9, From Mollie Cloud, Sacramento, Calif. to Delilah Cloud Evans, Saline, La.:

"...Uncle Bill (Aunt Bettie and 4 of their children) died during the civil war with typhoid fever (one right after the other). There is no one living who knew him. ("Uncle Bill" is William Cloud.)

"While on the Delitia side, She died in the summer of 1883, and there are a few old people living who personally knew her..... There are plenty of people who can testify that they have always known William Cloud to be the father of Malissie Cloud Morgan Rushing, Mary Cloud Dickerson and Sam Cloud by his first wife Rebecka Jane Roe Cloud--and Newton Cloud, Huey Cloud, Frank Cloud, Nancy Cloud Blakely and Bettie Cloud Calhoun by his 2nd wife Bettie Johnson Cloud.

....In your dealings spell the name like Grandmother spelled it, which was the correct way--Delitia. You remember cousin Litia Bates? Well just put De in front of it. Aunt Mary told me that Grandpa John Cloud always called her "Delitia." .....Love to all, Your Sister Mollie"

Below this she wrote: "In Parish of Ouachita, June 24th 1835 Noah Cloud and John Dickerson, purchased the NW1/4 of Sec 10, Township 16N, Range 1 East in Ouachita Parish.

Patent for that tract issued to them, July 1st, under Ouachita cash entry No. 1985. The tract contains 160.31 acres and they payed $1.25 per acre for the land.

"Tallie Dickerson got these nos. from Washington D.C. He says there is a section of land in Madison Par. bought by Noah Cloud and Jno. Dickerson. All this land is still on record and in their names. They never transfered it--very valuable."

"Sister C. it is a habit of our people to enter land together. I mean a member of one family and a member of the other go together and enter land jointly....."*

(*My italics to note this possibly referencing Delitia and William owning land jointly.)

1938, July 9, from Lee Cloud, Alexandria, La. to his older half-sister Delilah Cloud Evans, Saline, La.:

"Dear Sister, Received your letter the other day.... About all the Clouds I no anything about is William Clouds heirs...I don't guess Delithia was the name of William Clouds wife, that is going to be one point that you will have to prove when you get in court, that William Cloud did not marry a woman by that name ....

1938, July 22, from Manie Cloud Stothard, Box 294, New Iberia, La., to Delilah Cloud Evans, Saline, La:

"Dear Sis:....This is what Mollie wrote me about the William Cloud family:

"Now back to the Clouds--Yes, I know the names of Uncle Bill Cloud's wives--William Cloud (was a brother of our Grandfather Noah Cloud) married Rebecca Roe (first wife). They had three children--the oldest was Malissie Cloud Morgan Rushing, Mary Cloud Dickerson, and Samuel Cloud was their baby.....

"During the Civil War Uncle Bill's family was stricken with typhoid fever. It killed Uncle Bill, Aunt Bettie and four of their children. Our father said the last time he saw Aunt Bettie he was standing in the door, crying as we rode off to War.

"I don't know who ("we") were unless it was Sam, Newton & Pa. Huey was too young. Sam was several years older than our dad. Hattie Pitts personally knew our Grandmother who died in Aug. or 1st part of Sept. before you were born in Oct. Dr. Pitts attended her. She died at Aunt Ann Brewton's. I helped wash and dress her for burial. Our mother made a pretty bobinet lace trimed cap for her to be buried in .....

"Also had a letter from Viola (her older sister, fourth daughter of Noah Jr.). She writes the following:

"Great Grandfather Cloud came from England. His two brothers accompanied him--the three boys, Williams, Noah and John ( John was our greatgrandfather) G-grandpa was under General wolf when he took Quebec. He also went through the Revolutionary War under Washington when Cornwallis surrendered. Either of those war records will tell where they were born. The other boys may have gone through these wars for after the Revolutionary the three brothers went to South Carolina and separated.

"I don't know exactly where or who, but our grandfather Noah was born in Ky. April 28, 1800. He had three brothers, four sisters. Wm. married Roe first time, she died, then he married Bettie Johnson. Cousin Malissa Rushing (his daughter by first wife) children can give their name, also old man Sam Cloud's children could tell as it was their Grandmother too.

"His older brothers, Lee and Jerry, I don't know who they married. Grandpa Cloud was the baby. Sisters: Annie married a Villars, Minerva married a Cole, Marilda  a Cummins, Mary married Dickerson. Grandpa was buried in Jackson Parish, he was 110 years old.

(Bruce Note: Viola's information is different from mine. I do not have a "Marilda" as child of Noah Sr.; also I have Minerva married to "a Cummins," not a Cole. Nor do I have Noah as "the baby" in the family. I show Lee in this position. Also, my data shows Noah Sr. dying in 1864 in Natchitoches, not Jackson Parish in 1910.)

"Aunt Mary or Aunt Ann's children or Mollie could tell you more about the Folsoms than I can. They came from Holland. Greatgrandpa Folsom died and his widow married a Davis. I don't know if she had any Davis children. She had two sisters, Mrs. Hughs, Mrs. Bassett. Mrs. B died and Granma Cloud raised her son Noah Bassett. One brother was a captain on a steamboat, he too sick fell overboard and was never found. Gma was born at Grand Ecore, La., so Mollie said.

(Bruce Note: I have not been able to confirm this "Folsoms from Holland" connection; nor the reported marriage of "Greatgrandpa Folsom's widow to a Davis"; nor a connection to her two sisters, Hughs and Bassett. According to my data these are Folsoms from America.).... Lovingly Manie."

1938, July 24; from Mollie Cloud in Sacramento, Calif. to Delilah Cloud, Saline, La.:

"My Dear Sister:.....A great great daughter of Aunt Jennie Cloud--named Mrs. Mannie Hicks wrote me, trying to find out all she could about the Clouds. I ans. her questions and asked where she got my address. She said Viola Cloud Turnbow (Ann Cloud's girl) gave it to her. ...

"Hicks wrote back that Delitia ....a niece of William C--who was keeping house for him...

"Now back to this Delitia C. Dickerson woman and her keeping house for Uncle Bill. I never heard of her, as I stated above, but Uncle Bill had two girls who were large and old enough to keep house for him. Malissie C Rushing and Mary C Dickerson. Malissie C.R. waited on our grandmother, Delitia Delilah Cloud, when Aunt Mary was born, which was Nov. 13th 1834 or 35.

"If Delitia C Dickerson was 20 yrs. older than our father it would make her birth 1822 and she would be only 16 yrs. old when this land was entered (1838 and patented 1848). Would the laws allow a child to enter land?*

(*This "Delitia C Dickerson" was perhaps a name mixup by other descendants trying to acquire land. I suspect this was actually Delitia Cloud, age 30 at the time, and living with her uncle, perhaps "keeping house for Uncle Bill" as she said.)

1938, July 26, from Mollie Cloud, Sacramento, Calif. to Delilah Cloud, Saline, La:

"My Dear Sister:... it stands to reason, that if she was old enough to enter land in 1838 she would have been married before 1848 time of patent and gain. Girls, at that time, were married younger than the girls of today are, from the fact, girls of today have a better chance to earn a livelyhood and are not so much dependent on men, as they were then, a lot due to educational training.

"Another thing according to the story--this Delitia was an orphan and living in the home of her uncle and his young lady daughters, (knowing girls as you and I do) would it always be peaceful and harmonious, year in and year out, or would altercations, wrangles, or the like arise? Who would be to blame. Naturally it would not be the daughters, and they had many disputes. I am sure for one time after I had visited Mary Dickerson in her home (She lived in Sparta then) I stopped in to see Malissie Rushing and was telling her that I had seen Mary D and I mentioned how nice looking Mary was and remarked that she must have been a beautiful girl. Malissie says, in a quick tone of voice, "that was always her trouble; when ever there was any place to go, Mary would say, "Lissie," you stay at home, you are the ugliest."

"So Malissie always held that against Mary. Now imagine, if the sisters disagreed, would it not be natural for Delitia to be mixed into the squabble too? For the above reason, wouldn't this cause Delitia to seek a marriage state sooner, than she naturally would have under other circumstances of more pleasant surroundings. Naturally she would not stay there 10 long years just for ½ interest in 160 acres of land, when, at that time, the woods was full of vacant land.

"I am still more convinced that it was our Grandmother, and not Delitia Dickerson, who entered this Caddo land. Another thing she was not his housekeeper, as reason would have a person to believe, for Uncle Bill had two daughters of his own, who, as reason would teach you, were as old, or older than Delitia.

"So our Grandmother has the name and the right age, Dec 31, 1808 was her birth, Delitia was her first name, Delilah was next. Total was Delitia Delilah Folsom Cloud. Grandmother's father-in-law, John Cloud, always called her Delitia. He was very fond of her, because she was so kind and good to him. He died at her home. We do know, for sure, that Noah Cloud (our grandfather) and his family and William Cloud (our Uncle Bill) and his family always lived close together, and at that time (1838) she was not more than a mile or two away.....

Your Sister, Mollie Elkins."

1938, September 28: From Mary Izora ("Manie") Cloud Stothard--4010 Bering St, Houston, Texas, to her older sister Delilah Evans--Box 66, Saline, La.

".... I am sure the land was disposed of by William and Elizabeth Cloud's Succession No. 5655 (Nov. 30, 1869) Abstract 63, Page 298. Ask your County Clerk sometime when you are in Natchitoches and see if Grandmother didn't buy some land from William's estate.....Love to all, Lovingly, Manie"

1950: Mollie Cloud Elkins, a great granddaughter of John Cloud, wrote in 1950: “I am the oldest of our Father Noah Cloud’s children and I know of our ancestors on the Cloud side told to me by our grandmother, Delilah Fulsom Cloud, who was our father’s mother. She was born in 1808 and died the latter part of September, 1883. I was 16 years old then and remember well the things grandmother told me, beginning when I was a little girl and many times through the years up to the time of her passing away. She said she wanted me to know about our older Cloud people.”

1968, March 20, From Lee Cloud, Alexandria, LA to Owen and Coker Evans, Saline, LA:

"....My father Noah Cloud owned some land one half miles west of the Cloud Crossing on the Saline. In the fall of 1898, he moved his family from Bienville Parish to this land. We camped out there in the woods until the house was built.

"This was wild country in them days, a little dirt road, that people used to go to the creek to fish, not any bridge across the Saline at that time, but there was a large cypress log across the creek at the same location where the present bridge is located. We used that log to cross this creek for a year of two, then a bridge was built. It was wood construction. In a few years high water washed it away. Then a second bridge was constructed in about the same location.

"As the Cloud's was the only people living near this location, it was given the Cloud name, by whom I do not know.....Best wishes and lots of love, Lee."


(Father of Delitia)

1759: Born Rowan County, NC

Ebenezer Folsom first married a Choctaw named Ni-ti-ka, by whom he had one daughter, Sophia Folsom, who married Col. John Pitchlynn, an interpreter for President Washington for 24 years. Their son, Peter P. Pitchlynn, known as "The Calhoun of the Choctaws," and was said by some contemporary writers to be "the most handsome man that ever walked down the aisles of the Senate Chamber at Washington." (See my picture of him).

1773: Sophia Folsom Pitchlynn born in 1773. Her Indian Name was "Lk-lo-ha-wah" (loved but lost). Sophia was the daughter of Ebenezer Folsom and his Choctaw wife, Natika. Sophia married in 1804 to Major John Pitchlynn of Scottish decent, who was reared by the Choctaws after the death of his father, Isaac Pitchlynn. John was an interpreter for the Choctaw Nation, appointed by President George Washington. He served as interpreter for all the treaties between the Choctaw Nation and the United States. Sophia bore ten children to John Pitchlynn. They were:(1) Peter Perkins, (2) Silas, (3) Thomas Jefferson, (4) Charles, (5) Rhoda, (6) Elizabeth,(7) Mary, (8) Kezzia, (9) Eliza Ann Cornelia, and (10) Kate Pitchlynn. Sophia had three step-children:(1) John Pitchlynn Jr., (2) Joseph Pitchlynn, and (3) James Pitchlynn. These children were from Major John Pitchlynn's first marriage.Major John Pitchlynn died in 1835 before the family moved to Indian Territory. After John's death, Sophia decided to move to Indian Territory. She settled on a plantation in the Little River area in what is now the far southeastern part of Oklahoma. Sophia managed her plantation efficiently and was known to have been very just in all things. She came under the influence of the noted missionary Cyrus Byington and was a devoted Christian. Even though she could speak English, she refused to do so, speaking only Choctaw and for the most part served only Choctaw food. Sophia lived to see her son, Peter P. Pitchlynn rise to positions of prominence in the Choctaw Nation. Sophia brought many plants and flowers with her from Mississippi. The family has kept her yellow roses growing for more than 150 years. Sophia died in 1871 at the age of 98 and is buried at the historic Garland family cemetery near present day Tom in Southeastern McCurtain County, Oklahoma and has a historical marker on the site.

1786?: Ebenezer married Sarah Paul White Lewis, born about 1758. They had 2 sons, Miguel Nathaniel, born 1788, and William, born 1790.

1798: Ebenezer married Mary (Marie Madeleine) Leard, born 1786 in Arkansas Territory, before 1798, when she was 12. They had 7 children between 1801 and about 1820. In later life Delitia claimed that Ebenezer and Mary were her parents. She also claimed in the 1880 Census of Natchitoches Parish that her mother was born in Arkansas.

Other Folsom Family records note that Ebenezer later married "a white woman in Louisiana where he had several children." Probably this was reference to Mary Leard.

From other references to Nathaniel, Ebenezer's brother:

1813: In his brother Ebenezer’s will, dated 22 March: “...There is also _ miles square land in my brothers hands. He is now living at the Chickesa Bluff called American Trace, Pidgeon Roost.”

1814: Died July 24th in Clark County, Hot Springs Township, AR

Other records about Ebenezer:

"He went with his father and family to Mississippi; lived in the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations with his parents; visited his brother Nathaniel in the Choctaw Nation, at one time remaining two years. It is supposed that it was during this time that he took an Indian wife, Ni-ti-ka. By her he had one daughter, and it is said he left this wife and child in the Nation, and "moved into the west." He is later claimed to have been the first white man to visit the Hot Springs, in Arkansas. About 1800 he lived in Clark County, Hot Springs Township, and had married Mary (???), who was born in Arkansas."


(Delitia's Uncle)

Although little is known directly about Delitia's childhood, data on Nathaniel Folsom, her father's brother, indicate a rich and diverse family background. For example, one source notes that Nathaniel Folsom lived on a much traveled “Trace” between Nashville and southern Mississippi Territory. He “entertained numerous travelers. He told Adam Hodgson who visited him in 1820, that there were scarcely 5 days in the year when he failed to have guests, and that 70 or 80 often stopped in 1 day.” (Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic; Debo, Angie, Univ. of Okla. Press, 1934, 1961, pg 38). 

Nathaniel Folsom had 24+ children from his two Choctaw Indian wives, Aiahniehih Ohoyoh (or Ai-Ne-Chi-Hoyo). If so, her mother “was a niece of  Miko Puskush (Infant Chief), who was the father of Moshulatubbee. She descended from a long line of chiefs, and belonged to the ancient Iksa Hattakiholihta, one of the two great families, the other being Tashapaokla (Part of a People); the laws of which forbid any person, male or female, to marry any one of the same Iksa.”

Nathaniel had at least seven children by I-Ah-Ne-Cha (6 boys and 1 girl), and 17 by Aiahniehih Ohoyoh (10 boys and 7 girls).

Ebenezer and his older brothers, Nathaniel (1756) and Israel (1757) were born in Rowan County, North Carolina. My fullest data on the Folsom family is from: HISTORY Of The Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Natchez Indians, Cushman, H.B.; Headlight Printing House, Greenville, Texas; 1899.:

"I will here present to the reader the memoirs of Nathaniel Folsom, the oldest of the three brothers who cast their lot in their morning of life among the Choctaws, and became the fathers of the Folsom House in the Choctaw nation, as related by himself to the missionary, Rev. Cyrus Byington, June, 1823, and furnished me by his granddaughter Czarena Folsom, now Mrs. Rabb."

"I was born in North Carolina, Rowan County, May 17, 1756. My father was born in Massachusetts or Connecticut. My mother was born in New Jersey. My parents moved to Georgia, and there my father sent me to school about six months, during which time I learned to read and write. My mother taught me to read and spell at home. My father had a great desire to go to Mississippi to get money; they said money grew on bushes!

"We got off and came into the Choctaw Nation. The whole family came; we hired an Indian pilot who led us through the Nation to Pearl River, where we met three of our neighbors who were returning on account of sickness. This alarmed my father, who then determined to return to North Carolina. We came back into the Nation to Mr. Welch's on Bok Tuklo (Two Creeks), the father of Mr. Nail.

"At this time I was about 19 years of age. At that place we parted. My father knocked me down. I arose and told him I would quit him, and did so by walking straight off before his face. I do not remember what I did, but I always thought I was not in fault. My parents then moved into the Chickasaw Nation. I entered into partnership with Mr. Welch, and could do many things for him. In the Chickasaw Nation my brother Israel ran away from my father and came to me. He died at the age of 18 near where Mr. Juzon now lives. He was a good young man.

"My parents moved again to Fort St. Stephens. My brother Ebenezer visited me several times; he also sent me word to come and move him up into the Nation. I did so. He lived with me two years. Still lie wanted to go to Mississippi, and wished I would raise a guard and send him there. I did so. Brother Edmond and two sisters went with him, and there my father died, on Cole's Creek, Mississippi. I really believe my mother was a pious woman.

"I traded a long time in the Nation, sometimes taking up three or four thousand dollars' worth of goods. I followed trading about thirty years. I lived principally at Bok Tuklo, fifteen miles this side of Juzon's (i. e. north). There was a great town of about four hundred Indians. The French King lived there. I learned the Choctaw language very slow. I was never perfect in the language. But after ten years I could do any business with the Choctaws.

"I bought a Bible of Robert Black about twelve years ago. This is the first Bible I ever owned. Before that I cared nothing about the Bible. I first heard a sermon by Mr. Bell at the Pigeon Roost about twelve years ago. I beard Lorenzo Dow pray once. About this time I began to have serious thoughts. Before this I had none. My mind was affected by what the missionaries said, who came from the North. Soon after my son Edmond died.

"One Sabbath I had a great conflict in me. I beard a sermon at the Pigeon Roost. My friends thought I felt bad because my son died. But it was something else. At that time there was a great change in me, which has remained ever since. This was in August, 1824. 1 joined the church at Mayhew, October, 1827, in my 72nd year. I have been the father of twenty-four children, fourteen of whom are living. I have lived to see six of them join the church, and three others sit on the anxious seat." According to an entry in the church record of Mountain Fork church, Nathaniel Folsom died October 9, 1833, in his 78th year."

From another reference:

“Nathaniel Folsom, like his brothers Ebenezer and Edmund, married into the Choctaw tribe. Following Choctaw custom, he married two sisters, nieces of the chief of the Northeastern district of the Choctaws. That is, this was the custom if the man could afford to have a large family. The Choctaws felt that by having two wives–sisters–there would be no jealousy and there would always be someone to look after the children. By his two wives, Nathaniel Folsom had a large number of children–twenty four according to some authorities and twenty-five by others.